stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

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  • stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

     


    Some ____ must be added in pairs for optimal performance.

     

    ·         memory modules

     

    The bus width and bus speed together determine the bus's ____ or bandwidth; that is, the amount of data that can be transferred via the bus in a given period of time.

     

    ·         throughput

     

    ____ are small components typically made out of aluminum with fins that help to dissipate heat.

     

    ·         Heat sinks

     

    Eight bits grouped together are collectively referred to as a ____.

     

    ·         byte

     

    A ____ is equal to 1,024 bytes.

     

    ·         kilobyte

     

    ____ are very small pieces of silicon or other semiconducting material onto which integrated circuits are embedded.

     

    ·         Chips

     

    The ____ is the section of the CPU that performs arithmetic involving integers and logical operations.

     

    ·         ALU

     

    A computer ____ is the amount of data (measured in bits or bytes) that a CPU can manipulate at one time.

     

    ·         word

     

    The term ____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.

     

    ·         memory

     

    ____ consists of nonvolatile memory chips that can be used for storage by the computer or the user.

     

    ·         Flash memory

     

    In a 16.8-million-color (called photographic quality or ____) image, three bytes (24 bits) are used to store the color data for each pixel in the image.

     

    ·         true color

     

    The ____ orders data and instructions from cache or RAM based on the task at hand.

     

    ·         prefetch unit

     

    The ____ takes instructions from the prefetch unit and translates them into a form that the control unit can understand.

     

    ·         decode unit

     

    Like graphics data, ____—such as a song or the sound of someone speaking—must be in digital form in order to be stored on a storage medium or processed by a PC.

     

    ·         audio data

     

    Each place value in a binary number represents ____ raised to the appropriate power.

     

    ·         2

     

    Terascale computing is the ability of computers to process one ____ floating-point operations per second (teraflops).

     

    ·         trillion

     

    A USB ____ is a device that plugs into your PC's USB port to convert one port into several USB ports.

     

    ·         hub

     

    Instructions and data flow in and out of the CPU via the ____.

     

    ·         bus interface unit

     

    The key element of the microprocessor is the ____—a device made of semiconductor material that acts like a switch controlling the flow of electrons inside a chip.

     

    ·         transistor

     

    Most computers today support the ____ standard, in which the computer automatically configures new devices as soon as they are installed and the PC is powered up.

     

    ·         Plug and Play

     

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